The architecture of Belgrade is a treasure trove of various styles which speak about the city’s rich history, from the Oriental and Western European architecture, to the Socialist Realism of the New Age and the unique brutalist monuments. The oldest structure is the medieval Kalemegdan Fortress.
Each part of the city is marked by a dominant style – in the Old Town, some famous examples of Turkish architecture can be seen alongside the major works of both local and foreign architects of the 19th and early 20th century, created under the influences of Neoclassicism, Romanticism and Secession. A large number of representative buildings have been preserved in the city districts of Vračar and Savski Venac – modern villas dating from the period between the two world wars, when holiday homes were situated in these areas. Of special interest is the architecture created after World War II, dominated by concrete and the Le Corbusier type of functionality, which reflected the new socialist ideology of the former Republic of Yugoslavia, of which Belgrade was the capital. Zemun is a town of its own, marked by Central European architecture. The oldest public building in Belgrade is the mausoleum Damad Ali Pasha’s Turbeh, located in Kalemegdan, while the oldest house, dating from the 18th century, is found in Dorćol.